The new challenges that the city faces need a strong governance, as a shared process governance of urban and territorial transformations to be rethought in relation to current and future structure of the humanized contexts. Governance is due to the promotion of new methods of public management based on participation of all the actors working in the city, on the sharing of the trajectories of evolution, objectives and consequent actions. It proposes an approach to urban governance that takes into account the size of the smart city and that, thanks to the use of ICT and information flows, to ensure the development and transformation of urban and regional systems with a careful use of resources and the promotion of participatory policies that meet high standards of comfort and well-being for the community.
The methodological references can be found in the theory of complex systems to take account of possible system responses to urban solicitations exogenous, the concept of self-organization of the system, understood as the possibility of redistribution of components and as a potential change in the rank endo systemic of the same, and concept of social capital, in relationship with the anthropic transformation of the behaviors. In addition to redefining the theoretical approach to the study of the city, the smart dimension can help to change the way of governing using planning tools and forms of organization appropriate to the territorial scale to which they refer. The flexibility of the processes that are created puts so closely related with governance trends at the regional level and with the specifications that take place at the urban level and scope.